Infertility Diabetes

Infertility, Pregnancy and Diabetes

Diabetes and infertility are closely connected and one of the key culprits here includes the massive lifestyle changes we have undergone today. In India, women as young as 23-24 years of age have diabetes. In many cases, say fertility doctors, “a woman with higher than normal glucose levels has trouble getting pregnant month after month.”

Lack of sleep, a healthy diet and exercise, long hours of work are triggers that have changed a woman’s hormonal constitution. Other issues include endometriosis, tubal infections, pelvic tuberculosis, age, uterine fibroids and hypothyroid.

By itself, diabetes does not keep a woman from getting pregnant, but it can keepher from staying pregnant as the disease often prevents an embryo from implanting in the uterus. Glucose (blood sugar) levels that are too high, can affect hormone levels throughout the body that are needed for a pregnancy to occur. That is why glucose control is so important to your fertility.

Statistics from The American Diabetes Association say high glucose levels increase a woman’s chances of miscarriage by 30-60%.

Reports say that men too have infertility issues due to high glucose levels. Concerns caused by diabetes include retrograde ejaculation – where semen backs up into the bladder making it impossible to get to the woman’s reproductive organs; and erectile dysfunction.

During pregnancy

Diabetes complications in women include the frequently reported gestational diabetes and macrosomia – or a big baby. Sometimes these babies are not able to pass through the birth canal, so there are higher incidences of Caesarean sections, and sometimes it becomes necessary to induce labour early. Distress of the foetus and an increased risk of birth defects can also be directly related to diabetes problems that the mother has.

Get your diabetes in check

Women with diabetes should plan ahead and get their insulin levels well under control before attempting to conceive. Please remember that more than 60% of all infertility of all infertility cases are treatable – and almost 1/3 of them only require treatments that you can do for yourself; like consuming a healthy, nutritious diet and exercising regularly.

Make an appointment with the specialists at the GBR Clinic – Fertility Centre to get your diabetes checked and controlled.

 

Dr. G Buvaneswari,

MBBS, DGO, DNB (OG), Dip. ALS (Germany), AMRCOG (UK),

Medical Director - GBR Clinic – Fertility Centre

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